Battle Characteristics

 Think back in time. Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar, Genghis Khan, Napoleon...

All of these great leaders had something in common -- the ability to apply their martial arts concepts successfully in real warfare situations. These men all realized that the most important attributes to winning, whether it be against an individual or against an entire army, were:The Heart;
The Eyes;
Skills and Combative Tactics.

The Heart - One must want to win and stay calm in crisis. On combat stress situations the heart rate is approximately 130 to 140 beats per minute.

Wing Chun's Chi exercises can slow down the heart rate and the blood pressure.

One can reproduce this phenomenon in a survival stress environment and then has more or better options to deal with the problem(s) at hand.

The Eyes - Physiologically, the eyes suffer greatly from stress situations. A 70-80% field loss of peripheral vision occurs and loss of depth perception. Wing chun's Eye Development Program enables one to improve the vision on static and moving objects by more than 200% in only a short period of time.

The Balance - In Traditional Wing Chun footwork, Cheung insists on a 50-50 weight distribution at all times. This will allow one to be able to move either foot at any time.

Skills and Combative Tactics - the application of skills and combative tactics is an extension of the B.O.E.C. (Balance, Opening, Elbow, arms Crossed) Principles of the Traditional Wing Chun Kung Fu. The BOEC principles first advocate not fighting the strengths of the opponent, rather fight the weaknesses. If there is a weakness in the opponent's balance, that's where you attack. If there is a weakness in an opening, attack there. Control the opponent's elbow if an opportunity arises, as that will create an advantage. Arms crossed will also provide an opening from which an operative can secure an advantage as well.

Balance - When you attack the balance of your opponent, or put him off balance, he will be likely to offer openings, or targets.

Opening - While the exponent is standing on the blind side and attacking the openings, the opponent will be forced to protect the openings, leading him to commit to do the wrong thing (cross arms). Choosing the target to hit is vital.

Elbow - When the elbow is exposed, exponent can control the elbow, hence the opponent's balance and create more openings.

Arms Crossed - When the opponent has his elbow trapped from the blind side, most likely he will defend the immediate target, resulting in crossed arms. He will be forced into making one or more of the following errors:

1. Blocking crossed arm;
2. Leaning back, thus losing balance;
Exposing more vital targets.

Facing multiple opponents.
In traditional Wing chun facing an opponent requires the control of his blind side. The same is true when facing a group of opponents: control its blind side. You must not let them surround you. If there are two opponents they have 8 weapons (two arms and two legs each) so you must minimize the threat by moving in their blind side.


You can also use the one you are in contact with as a shield. 



Facing Armed opponent.


1) When facing an armed opponent (with a knife) the right strategy is to run. If you can't escape then look around you for anything you can use as a weapon or a shield in order to keep him away from you. If you can't find anything then you'll have to face him unarmed but only as a last resort. Don't use any stance because your hands will be the first target. Use the neutral stance and keep your hands close to your shoulders. This position will leave your centerline open for attack and trick the opponent to attack where you want. The best way to act is to control the hand that grasps the knife, hold it at the wrist and away from your body, move to the blind side and immobilize the opponent. If there is more than one opponent don't try to immobilize him, try to neutralize him so as to face the others.



2) If the opponent threatens you with a club or a similar weapon don't use the same strategy you'd use if he held a bladed weapon. When the opponent lifts the weapon to strike you, you must move towards the weapon and block it at its base. Then you either immobilize him or neutralize him if there is more than one.




Wing Chun Techniques